Say these 4 things to change a relationship

betty ming liu Inspiration, Relationships 14 Comments

Four thingsFor most of our lives, my younger sister and I had A Difficult Relationship. For this, we hold our parents responsible. They constantly compared us to each other, pushing us to be twin success stories. When we were little, our mom even dressed us in identical outfits.

We grew up feeling competitive and judgemental of each other. Then a year ago, I said four things to my sister that liberated our relationship from the ancestors.

I found the four things.

“The Four Things That Matter Most: A Book About Living,” by Ira Byock is a famous book about having end-of-life conversations. My shrink told me about it. The 2004 bestseller posed such an intriguing idea: Why wait until someone’s dying to set things straight? Why not enjoy a supportive relationship now?

Byock is a doctor who works with dying patients. As a medical expert and respected researcher, his book offers many examples of the four things in action. The stories prepared me for what might — or might not happen — if I ever said the four things to my sister.

I didn’t know if I could do it.

And of course, you want to know the four things. Here they are:

Please forgive me.

I forgive you.

Thank you.

I love you.


Only 11 little words. Eleven powerful, but incredibly difficult words to say. Scary, the idea of talking like this to anyone. In the case of my sister, the ability to utter those words required letting go of the jealousy, rivalry and resentment that plagued us since birth.

We are two years apart and spent our childhood shackled to each other. As the big sister, our parents put me in charge while they worked long hours. I had to take my sister with me everywhere. We both hated the lack of privacy and freedom. Making matters worse, our folks layered even more tension between us by saying things like, “Why can’t you be smart/good/fill in the blank like your sister?”

By adulthood, we had an on-and-off relationship. The competitive undercurrent was always there. Who had the better job/wardrobe/marriage/etc.? Our father died when we were teenagers. Our mom passed on in 2010 at age 92. Caring for her led to many fights.

Reading about the four things brought back all these memories. Having them in my face was exhausting. So much negativity — who needs this kind of energy-draining crap? I wanted my freedom from the past.

So one day last year, I took action. And girl, the four things made me really nervous. Those few itty, bitty words took me far beyond my comfort zone.

There we were, my sister and I hanging out for some reason. I forget why. But at some point, we fell into the usual reminiscing about our mother. The smart, complicated diva.

On this particular day, I thanked my sister for the great job she did at managing Mom’s finance and spending time with her. Our mother endured a long stretch in a nursing home located a mile from my sister’s house. I, meanwhile, was a 2.5-hour drive away, giving me a convenient excuse to keep my visits to a minimum.

From here, my sister returned the compliment. She thanked me for being there during our mother’s final hours. Even though saying good-bye brought tremendous resolution for me, my sister couldn’t bear watching Mom die and stayed away.  

Finally, I took a deep breath. Then I said something like, I just read a book about dying by a big-deal expert. He believes there’s four things people should say to each other in order to have good relationships. I want to give it a shot.

Okay, she said.

With that, I did the deed. Thanking her was already done. Moving on, I somehow managed to ask for forgiveness, then told her that I forgave her. I’m sure I mentioned a few specific issues but can’t remember them now.

And then, time for the dreaded words, “I love you.” We both smiled awkwardly. Then she asked if she had to say the four things back to me.

Of course not! Do whatever you want.

End of conversation. More than half a century of mutual torture had come down to a few squeamish, anti-climatic minutes. And then, nothing.

In his book, Byock gives examples of various outcomes. Some people hear the equivalent of angels singing. Others were like us, watch a potentially touchy-feely moment evaporate into seemingly zero impact.

But over time, our interactions have consistently improved. My sister and I began emailing a little more often. Saying “thank you” came easier. We even start seeing each other more. The need to rehash the past in accusatory ways has disappeared, leaving me feeling 10 pounds lighter.

So many thanks to the good doctor and his belief in the healing power of words.

  • If you go for his book, it’s a fast read, barely 200 pages.
  • There’s also a very thorough, user-friendly outline of the book’s main points on Byock’s website. It includes a series of questions you can ask yourself or pose in a group discussion.
  • You can also get the gist of Byock’s book in this 4-minute, 38-second video:

Let me know what you think! xo


Comments 14

  1. This book popped into my life a few years ago as one of those now-where-did-that-come-from serendipities, possibly in a lot of books we rescued from a library cull. Simple principles presented in a gentle style made for an easy read, but I found it very profound. I shared it with several people, my husband being one of them.

    Fast forward to a few weeks ago and The Call from his brother. My husband’s father was diagnosed with an aggressive brain cancer, and the prognosis was not good. Until the morning of The Call, my husband and his father had not spoken in nearly nine years. Now my husband was wondering how to respond in a situation where, given the family dynamics, almost any choice could be the wrong choice.

    Enter The Four Things.

    My husband decided to call to say The Four Things to his father before the surgery. For a moment, they were able to bypass the demons between them and connect. Somehow, his father managed to say them in return. There was more reconciliation than I would ever have dared hope. The relationship still is what it is, but there is a new peace in my husband, as if a broken circle has indeed been completed.

    He also decided to say the Four Things to his mother, which did not go so well, a sad but predictable thing given their history.

    Thus the tally stands at one awkward but sincere mutual moment of healing connection and one unfortunate but expected business-as-usual. In other words, Life. [insert shrugged shoulders here]

    We, as a society, are too often programmed to expect the Hallmark Moment, but life does not have scriptwriters forcing the scenario to a warm fuzzy conclusion. Life has people in it, and people are messy.

    Still, saying The Four Things is a healing for the heart, however imperfectly the exchange may go.

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      HM, thanks for sharing your family’s story. Glad to know that your husband found benefits from the 4 things even though he too, lacked the Hallmark Moment. I’m also struck by the fact that you had this book for years and only recently put it into practice. The same thing happened to me! My shrink told me about it years ago. But I wasn’t ready to deal with the issues. Seems to me this is all okay. Things happen in due time.

  2. considering you 2 work in the same field although different venues and you have NEVER said anything that wasn’t fairly impressive about her I would have thought that you got along famously – so much for assumptions from afar .
    Past that I can’t say much because it reminds me too much of my own life but I am glad you wrote it

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      Darryl, don’t you find it interesting that my sister and I both ended up in journalism? There was no reason for public criticism of each other, then or now. This is about behind-the-scenes stuff that we all have going on. The need for genuine connection. And the benefits of shedding layers of animosity. Best wishes for your life too!

  3. Thanks for this, Betty. It is immediately clear to me that I should do this with my mother. Quite tricky, how to frame “I forgive you” unless she has also asked for forgiveness.. not to engage her easily triggered defensiveness (and melancholy). Ah, all the reasons people don’t get up their nerve. But still a good healing exercise even if can only do the other three. All four in one go is probably more than most people can absorb at once anyway.

  4. Jean, saying “I forgive you” was really hard because I had to mean it!” But at least the possiblity of four things is now in your head.

    Thabks for sharing how you feel. I need to do the four things with a few more people. But I’m not ready yet because deep inside, I do not yet fully forgive.

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  5. These sentences remind me of Brene Brown’s talks on vulnerability. Saying these things need us to shed our two ton shields we are taught to carry for years at end. Simple yet powerful!

    Thanks for sharing this, Betty!

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      You’re welcome, Average guy! And thanks for mentioning “vulnerability.” I don’t know Brown’s work but I appreciate the sentiment. Staying vulnerable is a challenge. But, worth it.

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